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Why coffee is amazing drink?

Dr. Frank Hu just finished a 20 year study on the effects of coffee on the human body. People who drink more coffee it turns out, live longer. Specifically, Hu’s study found that coffee-drinkers have lower risks of cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, as well as suicide.

The research began in 1976, and involved nearly 210,000 people. With all the follow-ups over the years, the study includes 4.7 million person/years of data. The scale meant it took several generations of scientists to complete the study. Hu, a researcher and professor at Harvard Medical School, himself joined in 1996. The enormous amount of data was useful, because coffee is an extraordinarily complicated drink.

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“Coffee is certainly a very complex beverage,” He told Insider. Besides caffeine, it contains hundreds, perhaps thousands, of bioactive compounds. So it’s very difficult, perhaps impossible, to tease out the effects of individual compounds or chemicals.”

Coffee’s health benefits derive from not just a few compounds, but more likely the synergistic effects of many different compounds, minerals, and antioxidants. And while most people think of caffeine when they think of coffee, He noticed that it’s really hard to study coffee because so many coffee-drinkers smoke.

“We found that the health benefits of coffee are more pronounced, or evident, in people who don’t smoke,” Hu said. “In other words, smoking actually masks the potential health benefits of drinking coffee, and it’s really important to separate the effects of coffee from smoking.”

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In addition to Hu’s new study — which had ten co-authors in total — previous research shows that drinking coffee regularly is associated with a decreased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Parkinson’s disease, and liver disease, including liver cancer. It’s also associated with a decreased risk of depression and suicide, helps the body metabolize blood sugar, improves insulin sensitivity, and can even reduce inflammation.

Hu cautions that not everyone’s body responds to coffee in the same way — as with anything, drink in moderation according to your health habits.

Israel’s Capital

Trump recognises Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. He tells his government to move the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
Trump makes some people angry. People worry that this new situation can make things worse in the region. People protest in Jerusalem. The Israeli police try to bring them under control.
Difficult words: recognise (formally say that something is true), government (the organisation which runs a country), embassy (a country’s office which talks with other countries).
On December 6th, Trump recognised Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Then he instructed his government to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to the Holy City.
Some people are angry at Trump. They say that this can hurt the peace process in the region. People protested at the Damascus Gate, a famous sight in Jerusalem. Israeli police were there to subdue the angry protesters.
Difficult words: recognise (formally say that something is true), instruct (tell to do something), Holy City (many people call Jerusalem the ‘Holy City’ as it is where some important religious places are), subdue (bring under control).
On December 6th, Trump broke decades of US foreign policy by recognising Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, and by instructing his state department to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to the Holy City.
The recognition has provoked anger across the globe and many people worry that Trump undermined the fragile peace process in the region.
Crowds angered by America’s decision chanted slogans in support of Palestinian claims over Jerusalem at the Damascus Gate, which is one of the main entrances to the Old City of Jerusalem. Israeli forces attempted to subdue the protesters.
Difficult words: Holy City (many people call Jerusalem the ‘Holy City’ as it is where some important religious places are), undermine (hurt), fragile (easily broken), chant (rhythmically say), claim (a right to something), subdue (bring under control).
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Robert Mugabe Resigns

L1: 24/11/2017
Robert Mugabe is the president in Zimbabwe. He is the president for 30 years. His vice president is a possible new president. Mugabe fires him.
The army holds Mugabe. The ruling party tells him that he must resign. People do not want him to be president any more.
Mugabe agrees to resign. The ruling party names the vice president as the new president.
Mugabe has little power left. He talks to the army about his exit plan.
Difficult words: ruling party (a group of people who are leaders of a country), resign (choose to stop working at your job), agree (say yes).

L2: 24/11/2017
In Zimbabwe, thousands of people are celebrating the end of 30 years of Robert Mugabe as president. The ruling party put pressure on him to resign.
The military held Mugabe after he fired his vice president, who was a possible replacement leader. People were happy as the ruling party named the vice president as the new leader.
The party also sent away Mugabe’s wife who was going to be the next leader. Since Mugabe has little power left, he is discussing how to exit his job with the military.
Difficult words: ruling party (a group of people who are in charge of a country), put pressure on (tell someone that he or she should do something), resign (give up your job).

L3: 24/11/2017
In Zimbabwe, thousands of people are celebrating the end of 30 years of Robert Mugabe as president. The ruling ZANU-PF party put pressure on him to resign.
The military detained Mugabe after he sacked his vice president, Emerson Mnangagwa, who was a possible replacement leader. People showed jubilation as the ruling party reinstated Mnangagwa as the new leader.
The party also sent away Mugabe’s wife, Grace, who was planning to succeed him. Since Mugabe has little power left, army chiefs are discussing his exit plan with him.
Difficult words: detain (hold in jail or in a home), sack (fire from a job), jubilation (happiness), reinstate (put back into a job), succeed (become a leader after the current leader).
Làm Cà Phê!

Trump In China

L1: 17-11-2017
President Trump comes to China. He receives special treatment. He eats in the Forbidden City in Beijing. He is the first foreign leader to do this. There is also an opera for him and the First Lady. The American couple enjoy it.
Trump will talk with the Chinese President Xi Jinping. People think that they will talk about trade and North Korea.
Difficult words: receive (get), special treatment (when people are extra nice to you and they give you and show you something special), foreign (from another country), will (in the future).

L2: 17-11-2017
President Trump visited China and received a premium state visit. He became the first foreign leader to get the honour of dining in the Forbidden City in Beijing. There was a cultural show held for the President and the First Lady. They both seemed to be enjoying it.
The special treatment is in contrast to what Trump said in his presidential campaign. People think that Trump will talk with the Chinese President Xi Jinping about trade and North Korea.
Difficult words: premium (extra nice), honour (a show of respect), special treatment (when people are extra nice to you and they give you and show you something special).

L3: 17-11-2017
President Trump became the first foreign leader to get the honour of dining in the Forbidden City in Beijing, receiving what Chinese President Xi Jinping described as a ‘state visit-plus’.
The American president and the First Lady appeared impressed by the cultural display, which included a lavish opera, held in their honour.
All of this was in sharp contrast from the current treatment of the American couple, to would-be Trump’s election campaign in which he accused China of committing ‘theft’ against the US. Trump is expected to press the issues of North Korea and trade in talks with President Jinping.
Difficult words: lavish (luxurious, rich, great), would-be (before something happens), accuse (say that somebody has done something wrong), issue (a problem
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